黑面将军

脆叶马兰 – 黑面将军

黑面將軍(也叫脆叶马兰、化石草、地氈草、玻璃草、碎璃草),Black Face General,Pecah beling。 学名:Strobilanthes Criprisous ,爪哇人叫它 Ngokilo, 印尼叫它Tanaman Keji Beling, Daun Pecah Beling. 分布于澳洲、马达加斯加、爪哇、马来西亚。

黑面将军(直立)的正名是脆叶马兰,性寒凉,清热解毒,改善肝功能失调,解皮肤热毒,也是可抗癌的草药。

调查资料显示它能治疗小便不利,糖尿病,菌痢,阿米巴性痢疾,淋病,梅毒,月经不调,水瘤,蛇头疔,创伤流血不止,子宫肌瘤等。

植物形态:黑面叶 直立灌木,高2-3米。树皮灰棕色,枝圆柱状,多叉状弯曲,表面有白色细小皮孔。单叶互生;有短柄;卵形或卵状披针形,长3-5厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,先端钝形或短尖,基部楔形,全缘,叶脉细小,下面隆起,叶革质,上面暗绿色,下面灰绿色,干后变黑色。新鲜枝叶深绿色,干后成黑色。枝扁圆形,表面有棱及沟,并有白色细小的皮孔,质硬而脆,断面灰棕色,中有髓腔。叶表面黑色有光,背面灰黑带红,质脆易碎。

特征:叶片粗糙,颜色墨青, 叶对生,叶子干后呈黑色。枝茎较硬,喜欢攀爬。分直立与散漫生长两个品种。直立的会开类似喇叭花的黄花。

性能:味微苦,涩,性凉。清热解毒,活血消肿。

主治:泌尿系感染,小便不利,月经不调,闭经,跌打损伤,皮肤热毒。

化学成分:枝、叶和茎皮均含鞣质,茎皮中含量为12.02%。叶含酚类与三萜。种子含脂肪油。

药理作用:抗菌作用。

主要功效:清湿热,治腹痛吐泻,疔毒,疮疖,湿疹,皮炎,治子宫肌瘤,蛇咬伤,防癌,抗癌,治癌,子宫肌瘤,癌症,糖尿病散疮消毒, 治湿热腹痛, 化瘀化滞, 活血消肿, 清热解毒,月经不调, 泌尿系感染, 结石症。

原产地是澳洲塔斯马亚的脆叶马兰在过去曾是马来同胞的化石草,即用它治疗结石症,所以有“化石草”的名称。确有根据。现代医学已证明此植物具有治疗泌尿系统感染、前列腺肥大、结石的功能。

在印尼,脆叶马兰(黑面将军) 的叶或全草能治疗结石症,牙关紧闭症;外敷治蛇咬伤。黑面将军的叶子揉碎后有一股强烈的药味,当地人种植成篱笆,可以驱除蛇类及其他野兽,预防蛇类竄入庭院。

在马来西亚多用在治疗乳癌和子宫癌。马来人用来治疗泌尿系结石症,尤其是膀胱结石,用直立黑面将军的叶子泡茶喝能利尿,同时有降血压的功能。有些常往山林里面跑的 人把它制成酒预备来解蛇毒,或者煲成茶来饮用,也可以把叶片晒干当成茶泡来喝,据说能达到保健的效果。

而在马达加斯加则是采用脆叶马兰(黑面将军) 这草药治疗糖尿病。

马来西亚博特拉大学在1999年开始研究脆叶马兰(黑面将军) 的抗癌功能,经过4年的努力,发现并证明脆叶马兰在抑制肝癌和乳癌发挥不俗的成效。研究显示对染上肝癌及乳癌的老鼠注射直立脆叶马兰(黑面将军) 的药剂,发现它能控制癌細胞的繁殖和扩散。

此外,脆叶马兰功能已被证实的功能尚包括治疗皮肤热毒的作用,所以,可用此解决青春痘的烦恼,疗效不俗。加上戒吃油炸,很快就看到疗效。

*使用注意:脾胃虚寒者、月经期女性与孕妇,地中海贫血症者忌服。

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