老年抑郁症

老年抑郁症的八大特点

老年抑郁症的八大特点

抑郁症是老年期常见的一类精神病,其发病率约占老年人口的 7%~ 10%,在患有躯体疾病的老年人中,抑郁症可高达 50%,研究发现,老年人的自杀和自杀企图有50%~70%继发于抑郁症,严重危害老年人的身心健康。与青壮年相比,由于受老化过程中心理和生理变化的影响,老年期抑郁症的临床表现有独特之处,具有以下特点:

  1. 多有触发因素 – 老年人抑郁症的发生与心理因素以及社会、家庭、环境等变化有关。近期研究表明,老年期抑郁症的发病率与增龄、性别、居住环境、国家的发达程度、移居、经济因素、健康状况、生活事件等多种因素有关。老年抑郁症患者较正常老年人经历了更多的应激性生活事件,其中以丧偶、家属重病重伤、家庭关系不良、亲友去世、经济拮据发生率加过,说明以上生化事件是老年抑郁症较明显的促发因素。
  2. 躯体症状较多 – 抑郁症状被躯体症状所掩盖,病人往往否认自己有抑郁症的主观体验,或将情绪低落归咎于躯体问题。有些老年期抑郁症病人还可出现全身部位不固定的疼痛,有的病人甚至主要表现为疼痛而无明显抑郁症状。这些病人,常在医院各科求诊。其实,他们只要及时去精神科就诊,就可事半功倍
  3. 疑病症状突出 – 据报道,60岁以上的老年抑郁症中大约有1/3的病人以疑病为首发症状。疑病内容常涉及消化系统症状,胃肠不适、便秘是此类病人最常见也是较早出现的症状。病人常以某一种不太严重的躯体疾病开始,表现出对正常躯体功能的过度注意,对轻度疾病的过分反应,患者常常担心患了心脏病,癌症等,因而常会去医院检查。经过检查未发现异常,却依然不放心,认为自己患的是罕见病,所以查不出什么结果。有时候觉得自己已病入膏肓,将不久于人世,从而产生消极厌世的想法。
  4. 妄想症状较常见 – 有的病人认为自己一贫如洗,无力承担吃饭穿衣费用,从而拒绝医治,此为贫穷妄想;有的病人认为自己一世都是过错,对不起家属和单位,这种症状称为罪恶妄想;有些病人认为自己五脏六腑都已不存在,只留下一副躯壳,甚至认为自己及整个世界都不存在,此为虚无妄想。
  5. 抑制症状不明显 – 老年人得了抑郁症以后,情绪虽低落,但精神运动抑制症状不明显,语言和动作并不减少,相反增多。其主要表现是:语言罗嗦,唠叨不停,经常回忆过去的不幸经历;埋怨亲人,反复诉说,动作也较多,坐立不安,捶胸顿足,有时易激惹,动辄骂人。
  6. 自杀成功率较高 – 老年期抑郁症自杀的危险比其他年龄组大得多。老年病人一旦决心自杀,常比青壮年病人更坚决,行为也更为隐蔽。据国外报道,患者中有55%在抑郁状态下自杀,自杀往往发生在伴有躯体疾病的情况下,且成功率高。国外数字显示,自杀未遂与成功之比在40岁以下是20∶1,60岁以上是4∶1。
  7. 认知功能减退显著 – 约有80%的病人有记忆减退的主诉,病人常感觉脑子反应慢了,注意力集中不起来,计算困难,判断能力下降等,给人一种痴呆的感觉。
    老年期抑郁症有以下临床特点:
    ① 病前有明显的诱发因素;
    ② 病前智能和人格完好;
    ③ 发病日期比较明确;
    ④ “智力障碍”出现迅速,虽然回答问题缓慢简单,但经仔细检查发现他们回答问题的内容还是切题的,并有很好的注意、记忆保持及计算等能力;
    ⑤ 病人自责或罪恶和疑病妄想明显,易产生消极自杀行为;
    ⑥ 用抗抑郁药物疗效良好,无后遗人格和智能缺损;
    ⑦ 可有明显的个人或家族抑郁症史,藉此几点可与老年性痴呆鉴别。
  8. 情绪激越明显 – 情绪激越指一种坐立不安的情况,即病人自感精神紧张,坐卧不安,无法自制,有时表现手足无措,轻者搓手顿足,徘徊踱步,重者无法静坐,不停地走动,或抓头发、抓皮肤,片刻不得安宁。这样伴有明显焦虑症状的抑郁症,也常易伴随自杀行为。

新闻通讯

订阅新闻通讯以获取所有最新更新

Yumtrade is an online shop that caters health & beauty products to consumers in Singapore as well as worldwide.

Tel: +65 6899 0100
Email: yumtrade@gmail.com

总公司

Address: No. 41 Toh Guan Road East,
#07-05 ADL Building Singapore 608605
Tel: +65 6562 5526     Fax: +65 6562 5592

送货服务
合作伙伴
A Member Of Singapore Agency
Singapore Business Registry

Singapore Business Registry

EAN International

EAN International

Singapore Association
logoForWeb

Singapore Chinese Druggists Association

Yumtrade Singapore online shopping store is an online shop that provides a wide range of Beauty & Health products catering to different customers’ needs. It is an online shop giving good discount schemes, the best delivery service, and good customer service to households and offices Islandwide in Singapore. Browse our online shop and choose products from a variety of items like Beauty, natural male supplementsvitamins & supplements, and herbal products. Yumtrade Singapore online shop welcomes you warmly to browse our online stores. Shoppers can browse through our online promotion items and enjoy discount shopping at our online store just like shopping in a supermarket. Experience a convenient online order system and online shopping cart. You can plan and order your products 24 hours a day! We build reliable online shopping, providing privacy and security to online shoppers. Shoppers who want to buy online can be assured of sound eCommerce practices, greater privacy protection, and peace of mind while performing online transactions. Yumtrade Online Shop is committed to delivering your favorite brands of products by our delivery expert to you by the next working day. Hope you will have an enjoyable shopping trip. Come and shop online with us. More info on online shopping.

Tongkat Ali is known to boost performance, stamina, and muscle mass in bodybuilding. In a clinical study conducted with a group of men, half the male was given Tongkat Ali to consume while the other half were not. During a few weeks of the physical training program, the men who consume the herbs experienced greater muscle mass gain, stamina, and strength. There were also a growing number of Asian athletes and bodybuilders whom are using Tongkat Ali as an androgen booster to improve muscle size and enhance their sports performance.

Testosterone is a male hormone that can be found in both men and women. But it is more of the male characteristics. Usually, at age 30, blood levels of testosterone start to decline slowly. If testosterone declines in a man’s body, his muscles, energy, and libido begin to decrease. Men who smoke and drink alcohol excessively lose testosterone faster than those who don’t. Male hormones or testosterone stimulates metabolism, promotes fat burning, increases red blood cells and muscle growth.

Copyright © 2021 YumTrade. All Rights Reserved.

Add to cart