洛神花

洛神花/玫瑰茄 – 植物红宝石

洛神花 – 植物红宝石

洛神花又名玫瑰茄、洛神葵、洛济葵、红葵、山茄等,是锦葵科木槿属的一年生草本植物,广布于热带和亚热带地区,原产于西非、印度,目前在我国的广东、广西、福建、云南、台湾等地均有栽培。洛神花植株高1.5~2米,茎淡紫色,直立,主干多分枝。叶互生。花在夏秋间开放,花期长,花萼杯状,紫红色,花冠黄色。每当开花季节,红、绿、黄相间,十分美丽,有 “植物红宝石” 的美誉。洛神花花萼功能性成分包含:有机酸,例如:柠檬酸、坏血酸等,果胶,多酚:包含原儿茶酸、花青素、类黄酮素以及异黄酮素等四类。洛神花具有清热解暑、养颜、消斑、解酒等功效。

在中药效用上,洛神花益血养气,味酸顺肝醒脾,可活络气血循环,通常对暑夏燥热性的虚火上升、高血压、全身倦怠皆具疗效,亦具生津止渴效果。

洛神花种植在山区不受污染旷野中,因为光照充足、紫外线强烈。产品外观颗粒饱满,花瓣厚实,紫红黑亮,融水色泽艳丽清新,气微香、味酸,富含维生素C、接骨木三糖苷、柠檬酸等营养成份;玫瑰茄的花萼为肉质结构,多汁,含有丰富的蛋白质、有机酸、维生素C,多种氨基酸,大量的天然维生素和人体所需的矿物质,如铁、钙、磷等。

其成份分析如下:还原糖5.7克;蛋白质2.37克;果胶19.8克;苹果酸3.3克;单宁1.09克;花青素14.5克;维生素89毫克/100克,含有人体所必需冬氨酸、谷氨酸、脯氨酸、甘氨酸、丙氨酸、赖氨酸、精氨酸等十七种氨基酸以及抗氧化功能显著的花青素、多元酚、呋喃醛、羟甲基呋喃醛,尤其高含Vc一抗坏血酸。这些成份具有平肝降火、清热消炎、生津止渴、降压减脂、醒脑安神、清除自由基等作用。其中木槿酸,被认为对治疗心脏病、高血压、动脉硬化等有一定疗效,可降低胆固醇和甘油三脂;另外的一些成份还对肠、子宫肌肉有解痉作用于,同时还有驱虫作用并能促进胆汁分泌、降低血液浓度、刺激肠壁蠕动。

洛神花不但有以上的医用和保建作用,而且又是一种色、香、味俱佳的食品,用其生产出的纯天然健康饮品,是一种难得的天然饮料。洛神花气微香、味酸,维生素C、接骨木三糖苷、柠檬酸等营养成份,有益于调节和平衡血脂,增进钙质吸收,有益于调节和平衡血脂,增进钙质吸收,促进儿童发育,促进消化。

洛神花气微香、味酸,维生素C、接骨木三糖苷、柠檬酸等营养成份,有益于调节和平衡血脂,增进钙质吸收,促进儿童发育,促进消化等。具有清凉解毒利水,降血压等等功效。无毒性。

在一个人体实验中也发现,洛神花可有效降低胆固醇作用,在动物实验方面,将洛神花萃取物喂食已经先摄取高胆固醇的兔子及老鼠,发现其血清中LDL、三酸甘油酯、胆固醇浓度以及致血管病变之危险比值(LDL/HDL),皆明显下降。

该生化所暨生物科技研究所教授表示,由研发团队研究已发表在国际期刊上得知洛神花及其成分有许多医学功能,包含抗低密度脂蛋白氧化、降低血清中三酸甘油酯及胆固醇含量、抑制血管平滑肌细胞增生及位移、升高抗氧化减少氧化性肝损伤、排除肝脏脂肪及抑制脂肪合成,减少脂肪肝及纤维化、降血压作用、降低各种致癌物诱发动物之癌症发生率,尤其是血癌及胃癌。

目前该研究亦发现洛神花及其成分可抑制体脂肪形成及促进体脂肪排泄的作用,应可以使用在预防代谢症候群,也可以延缓糖尿病副病变,因此洛神花萃取物及其成分利用食品生技方法发展为健康食品或中草药的应用。

目前国内已经有多家厂商进入生产及开发,已推出的产品包括:调节血脂,不易形成体脂肪及护肝,并陆续申请健康食品字号者为降低癌症发生率,排除脂肪肝,延缓糖尿病致肾脏、眼睛血管之副病变,调节尿酸,调节血压的作用等,洛神花具有上述多项保健功能,尚有多项功能可发展为保健食品的潜力。

科研人员最近发现,经常饮用洛神花茶有助于降低人体血液中的总胆固醇值和甘油三脂值,达到防治心血管疾病的功效。据墨西哥《地方报》报道,墨西哥社会保险协会附属医院对40名40至62岁的心血管疾病患者进行了试验,这些病人年龄大,运动量小,吸烟成瘾或有高血压遗传病史,因此,总胆固醇值或甘油三脂值均大大超过正常标准。在研究人员的指导下,上述患者每天坚持饮用洛神花茶。3个月以后,经检查发现病人的总胆固醇值平均降低了35.4%,甘油三脂值降低了18.9%,而有”清道夫”美称的高密度脂蛋白却增加了10%,增强了清除胆固醇的能力。

科研人员还发现,饮用洛神花茶还可起到减肥作用,95%的病人体重下降了1到3公斤。在夏季饮用些洛神花还有清热解暑的功能。 当地人经常采摘其花蕊,晒干后泡茶饮用。据墨西哥格雷罗州生产基金会称,洛神花花茶的生产和销售前景令人看好。

注意事项:洛神花中含有大量的有机酸,所以胃酸过多的人,尽量不要饮用。

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