患了老年痴呆的名人

晚年患了老年痴呆的名人你知道几个

随着年龄的增长,身体的各项机能都会下降,包括大脑神经。老人的晚年健康一直是困扰大家的问题,而老年痴呆是继高血压、心脏病、糖尿病之后的常见老年病之一,很多名人在晚年也不幸患上了老年痴呆。

1、里根(美国总统)

1994年,卸任的里根总统宣布他罹患了阿尔茨海默症。从1994年被确诊患上阿尔茨海默症,至2004年6月5日以93岁高龄病逝。起初,里根每天还花好几个小时呆在办公室,他经常锻炼,打高尔夫球,在保安人员陪同下沿海滩散步。但随着病情不断加重,这位曾连任两届美国总统的重量级人物不仅不会说话、步行,不能自己吃饭,甚至认不出自己的妻子。他整日卧床,需要家人不间断的悉心照料。

在患病的10年间,借助媒体,全世界的人都“目睹”了里根病情发展的全过程。正是里根和夫人南希与疾病斗争的巨大勇气,赢得了人们的高度评价:里根对人类的最大贡献之一,就是引起了全世界对这种疾病的关注。美国老年痴呆症协会资深副主席凯恩说:“里根为战胜老年痴呆症做出了两项最大贡献,一是极大地提高了公众对这种病的认识,二是使人们勇于公开谈论这种疾病。老年痴呆症过去是一种许多人羞于启齿的病症,里根的勇气鼓舞了成千上万的患者。”

2、撒切尔夫人(英国保守党政治家和首相)

撒切尔夫人是欧洲历史上第一位女首相。在1987年保守党赢得大选后,她成为英国在20世纪连任3届的首相,她切实执行的政策使她获得“铁娘子”的称号。2008年9月,撒切尔之女卡罗尔·撒切尔出版《在金鱼碗里游泳》一书,详述了当年83岁的撒切尔夫人自8年前患上严重的阿尔茨海默病一事。卡罗尔告诉读者,撒切尔夫人几乎无法拼凑出一句完整的话:“我总以为母亲永远不会老去,她是铁打的、坚不可摧的,她的记忆力曾经如同高效数据库,能随口说出几年前的经济统计数据,不用查阅任何资料。实在难以想象曾经睿智能干的母亲已患上阿尔茨海默病。如今,她会在完全不自知的情况下重复问同一个问题。”

3、加西亚·马尔克斯(1982年诺贝尔文学奖得主)

哥伦比亚作家、记者和社会活动家,拉丁美洲魔幻现实主义文学的代表人物,20世纪最有影响力的作家之一,1982年诺贝尔文学奖得主。作为一个天才的、赢得广泛赞誉的小说家,加西亚·马尔克斯将现实主义与幻想结合起来,创造了一部风云变幻的哥伦比亚和整个南美大陆的神话般的历史。代表作有《百年孤独》(1967年)《霍乱时期的爱情》(1985年)。

马尔克斯的家人说,马尔克斯患上了老年痴呆症,经常不记得什么时候吃的早餐,连最亲近的朋友都不认得,他开始遗忘这个世界,但依然幽默、快乐。据悉,马尔克斯家族有老年痴呆遗传史,马尔克斯在1999年患上淋巴癌,为了抗癌他接受了化疗,导致大量脑部神经元缺失,这都加速了他罹患老年痴呆症。

老年痴呆症是一种由于大脑器质性损害而引起的脑功能障碍,可使记忆、理解、判断、自我控制等能力发生进行性退化和持续性智能损害。免疫功能低下者、情绪抑郁者、患缺血性脑血管病或有长期高血压、高血脂、心脏病等病史者易患此症。老年痴呆症早期通常只是出现记忆力减退、健忘等症状,常被人误认为是正常的衰老现象,使病人错过最佳治疗时机。

防治措施:

1,60岁以上的老年人常常出现健忘现象,应及时到神经内科检查就诊;

2,有高血压、高血脂、心脏病、糖尿病、中风、缺血性脑血管病等疾病者应早发现、早治疗;

3,多吃鱼类、蛋类、瘦肉、菌菇类食品及水果和蔬菜等,帮助增加抵抗力、提高记忆力;

4,避免过度喝酒、抽烟和操劳,保持良好的睡眠习惯;

5,勤动脑并多参加社会活动和体育锻炼;

6,心胸开阔,处事乐观,避免精神抑郁和紧张;

7,经常做和手指有关的活动,如用手指旋转钢球或胡桃,手工艺、雕刻、剪纸、弹奏乐器等;

8,补充大脑营养,推荐新加坡根王补脑康,周围很多朋友都在给爸妈买这个产品吃。补脑康软胶囊是获得日本专利的产品,运用纳米技术将银杏叶提取物透过血脑屏障直接作用于大脑,增进脑力灵活性,延缓脑神经细胞老,有效提高记忆力预防老年痴呆。

防治老年痴呆,提高老年人的生活质量和健康指数,不但是老人自身的责任,更是每一个年轻人,每一个为人子女者应尽的职责。让我们一起为老人们的健康,投入更多的关注和关爱。

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