帕金森

家中有帕金森患者或者60岁以上的老人应该注意些什么

小时候老妈不让我们上树抓小鸟,吓唬我们说玩小鸟以后双手会颤抖的,像邻居家老奶奶一样炒菜手抖得把锅都砸烂了一样,我们自然是被唬住了。后来才知道手抖是一种病,叫帕金森,又称”震颤麻痹”,60岁以后的老人发病几率比较高,但是现在趋向于年轻化。

据无锡市第二人民医院神经内科主任医师许著一介绍,近年来“青少年型帕金森病”越来越多,门诊中接诊的最年轻帕金森患者还不到20岁。“除了与基因、年龄有关,还受环境影响。”许著一表示,帕金森发病原因复杂,其症状表现也是多种多样。

帕金森病主要表现为患者动作缓慢,手脚或身体其它部分的震颤,身体失去柔软性,变得僵硬。最早系统描述该病的是英国的内科医生詹姆·帕金森,当时还不知道该病应归入哪一类疾病,称该病为“震颤麻痹”。帕金森是一种慢性的中枢神经系统退化性失调,它会损害患者的动作技能、语言能力以及其他功能。退化性疾病除了跟不用则废息息相关,还有因为年龄的不可抗拒性。

帕金森疾病可总结出以下可致病因素:

1、年龄老化:帕金森主要发生于中老年人,40岁以前帕金森的发病少见,提示老龄与帕金森的原因有关。

2、环境因素:流行病学调查结果发现,帕金森病的患病率存在地区差异,所以人们怀疑环境中可能存在一些有毒的物质,损伤了大脑的神经元。

3、家族遗传性:医学家们在长期的实践中发现帕金森病似乎有家族聚集的倾向,有帕金森病患者的家族其亲属的帕金森发病率较正常人群高一些。

4、遗传易感性:帕金森病患者也有家族集聚现象。

帕金森病的健康饮食原则

1.以豆制品取代部分动物蛋白质

老年人必须限制肉类的摄取量,一部分的蛋白质来源应该以豆类及豆制品(如豆腐、豆浆)取代。老年人的饮食内容里,每餐正餐至少要包含170克质量好的蛋白质(如瘦肉、鱼肉、蛋、豆腐等),素食者要由豆类及各种坚果类(花生、核桃、杏仁、腰果等)食物中获取优质蛋白质。

2.多吃谷类和蔬菜瓜果

每天吃300~500克的谷类食物,如米、面、杂粮等。从中能得到碳水化合物、蛋白质、膳食纤维和维生素B等。碳水化合物通常不影响左旋多巴的药效。

3.少加盐、味精、酱油,善用其他调味方法

味觉退化的老年人口味重,喜欢加很多盐,埋下高血压的隐患。可以多利用一些具有浓烈味道的蔬菜,例如香菜、香菇、洋葱,用来炒蛋或是煮汤、煮粥。利用白醋、柠檬汁或是菠萝等各种果酸味,也可以变化食物的味道。一些中药材,尤其像气味浓厚的当归、肉桂、五香、八角等取代盐或酱油,丰富的味道有助勾起老年人的食欲。

4.少吃辛辣食物

虽然辛辣香料能引起食欲,但是老年人吃多了这类食物,容易造成体内水分、电解质不平衡,出现口干舌燥、火气大、睡不好等症状,所以少吃为宜。

5.每天服用一颗复合维生素补剂

老年人的个体差异很大,加上又长期服药,所以每个人需要额外补充的营养素也大不相同。让老年人每天服用一颗复合维生素补剂是最基本且安全的强化营养方法,尤其可以补充老年人特别需要的维生素B、抗氧化维生素C及E、维持骨质的钙、增强免疫力的锌等。不要擅自服用高剂量的单一补充剂,尤其是脂溶性的维生素 A、D、E等,吃得过多会累积在体内,甚至引发毒性。

6. 有条件的话,可适当进食补脑保健品。

根王补脑康是日本纳米级健康食品发明家嶋田伸司教授运用世界尖端科学技术——纳米技术,结合自然中草药的研究,由日本天利医学研究所开发制成。补脑康有四种重要物质组成:纳米级银杏叶提取物,在动物实验中证实了它能高效活化脑细胞;日本生产的氢气钙,一种新型的抗氧化剂;德国生产的磷酸酰丝氨酸,世界顶级的抗老化剂;DHA,著名的健脑剂,对人的大脑神经有益,可以起到辅助保健的功效。

你我都会老去,都有可能生病。但是如果我们平时多注意生活方式保持心情愉悦,患老年病的几率就会大大下降。

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